PaeDr. Patrik Derfiňák, PhD. - Institute of History, Department of ancient, medieval and early modern history, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Prešov
Eastern Slovakia in the 19th century, a period of ups and downs
Resume: 19th century introduces a very difficult time in history of Eastern Slovakia including a lot of important changes. It involves repeating of worse and better times from the economical, political and cultural point of view. Overall worsening conditions for life lead to massive emmigration not only of the poorest farming families, but also members of intelligence and upper social farming families. For a lot of artists, researchers and politicians, the stagnating Eastern Slovakia has simply become too small of a place for Hungary such as Vienna, Budapest, Prague, they could achieve their dreams and ambitions. A lot of them though, including Bela Kéler, have never forgotten their home region and birth place. They either returned to their home region or birth place at the end of their lives or have dedicated a lot of valuable works or messages to these places. Some of them dedicated money, some dedicated collections or other pieces of their work. Unfortunately, a lot of them were lost during the stormy time of the first half of the 20th century. Others, such as heritage of Bela Kéler, were found again.
Mgr. Jozef Petrovič - State Archives in Prešov, Bardejov branch office
Social Position bourgeois family Kéler in Bardejov
RNDr. Peter BUBÁK - High School of Leonard Stöckel in Bardejov and Prof. Mgr. Art. Irena MEDŇANSKÁ, PhD. - Department of Music, Institute of Music and Fine Arts, Faculty of Arts, University of Prešov
Béla Kéler - Life and Work
Abstract: Béla Kéler, née Albert Paul von Kéler descended from Upper Hungarian protestant peerage. After finishing his studies in Levoča, Debrecen and Prešov, strong love for music brought him to Vienna, where Kéler got the position of the 1st violinist in "Theater an der Wien". He stayed there for 9 years, studying harmony and counterpoint and started to compose. In 1854 he accepted the position of a conductor in Berlin band of Johann Sommer under the name Béla Kéler.. Later the position of a bandmaster of the military band of Count Mazzuchelli. Last 20 years he stayed in Wiesbaden where he conducted spa orchestra. He travelled a lot too, performing his compositions in Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, France and England. In his homeland he remained almost forgotten. During his life time Kéler's works were published in twelve European publishing houses. He composed 27 voluminous valses, 27 marches, 20 csardasses, 18 polkas, 15 songs, 13 gallops, 10 overtures.
PhDr. František GUTEK - Director, Saris Museum in Bardejov
Estate of Béla Kéler in the Saris Museum in Bardejov
Abstract: In his article the author offers a retrospective view of history of the music composer Béla Kéller´s heritage, which arrived in 1883 from Wiesbaden /Germany/ to Bardejov, pursuant to the composer ´s testament, and which, after the Šariš museum in Bardejov was founded in 1903, was placed in his Historic library as an individual collection fund. The author focuses on the heritage especially in terms of specific usage of the collected material /music, personal correspondence, memorabilia/ during the last 140 years and concludes that just like the collection has been enjoying increased popularity lately, Béla Kéler himself returns to general awareness of music life in Slovakia.
Doc. PhDr. František Matúš, CSc. - Emeritus university teacher
Remarkable artistic heritage of European parameters in Bardejov
Abstract: Bela Kéler (1820 - 1882) has donated in his will part of his heritage to his birth town of Bardejov and Presov. In 1833 composer's will was fullfilled and transported to Bardejov. Part of this stayed in Bardejov and second part was transported to Presov. The content of Bela Kéler heritage and destiny of his heritage in Presov. The lack of music-interpretational level and cultural environment of Upper Austria-Hungary at the time for interpretation of Kéler compositions. Political - sociological outlook at the composer's message in particular state systems. The task of musicology nowadays is to evaluate the composition message of Bela Kéler and place it into the context of cultural life in Slovakia nowadays. Kéler's music work has added significantly in 2nd half of 19th century to what we call today ‘‘ European cultural heritage ‘‘. There is appeal for his works to be incorporated on regular basic in concert practice throughout Europe.
prof. Mgr Art. Irena MEDŇANSKÁ, PhD. - Department of Music, Institute of Music and Fine Arts, Faculty of Arts, University of Prešov
Following in the footsteps of Bela Kéler in Wiesbaden in 2006
Abstract: Saris region and especially its northern town Bardejov can hide in their history also the personalities, who were forming European music history. One of these personalities is composer, violinist and conductor Bela Kéler (1820 Bardejov - 1882 Wiesbaden) born in Bardejov. This submission is the reflection of author's journey to Germany, to Wiesbaden, to follow Bela Kéler movements with the intention to gather information about the state of heritage dedicated to the band in Wiesbaden, about the last resting place of the composer, gravestone as well as regularity of his works being performed in Wiesbaden.
Abstract: The text includes information about children of Emilia Kéler, sister of Bela Kéler and family tree of Bela Kéler, which was made by Mrs. Agnes Shirwath. It brings the information about the concert organized for 130th anniversary of death of Bela Kéler in Wiesbaden in November 2012. It informs about son of Bela Kéler, Albert Baum whose children were present at the concert and have presented town of Bardejov with violin that belonged to Bela Kéler.
Idyllic musical paintings Carpathians - a document programmatically-romantic thinking of Béla Kéler
Résumé: The nineteenth century period of Romanticism is characteristic with sharp diffusion of romantic programme into music. Composers of the period let themselves be inspired with many motivations from history, literature, landscape and nature, and also with philosophy. This programme character influenced also the native from Bardejov, Béla Kéler (1820 - 1882), the significant author who created his pieces in the period when music was considered entertainment and had impact on social life. His idyllic music pictures The Carpathians for male choir and orchestra represent the first significant work which extols Slovak landscape and nature. The author divided it in five parts - pictures, and at the same time in its form he was inspired with modification of song forms. Orchestra cast in single pictures keeps to the character and atmosphere of music. The work had its opening on October 5th, 1854 in Hamburg. Typescript of The Carpathians is stored in National Library in Budapest.
Sound painting A Night in Venice of Béla Kéler - Historical aspect and revision
Abstract: The origin and evolution of the theatrical genre Harlequinade, brief characteristic of particular figures and its application as the theme for the large orchestral sound painting in The Night in Venice by Béla Kéler. Discovered authorial manuscript of the piece A Night in Venice for violin and piano in remains of Béla Kéler in Bardejov. Interpretative reflection and modern revision by Pavel Burdych conditioned by aesthetic demands of the present time. Czechoslovak Chamber duo introduced the revised composition at the 59th International Music Summer in Bardejovské Kúpele and at the 4th Cultural Summer of Béla Kéler Bardejov - Bardejovské Kúpele 2013. The aim is to bring the rediscovered piece closer to the contemporary generation of interpreters, as well as to the general public.
Continually revival of the Béla Kéler music legacy
Abstract: Knowledge of Bela Kéler composition work and Bela Kéler himself goes back to last century. There were music life personalities dedicating their research to his life, they have created documents about it and music recordings. It is necessary to create the catalogue of his music work, newspaper releases and knowledge about Bela Kéler, get into contact with orchestras, music festivals and Strauss Society in Prague.
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